Sponge competition may damage corals

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Sponges are a group of common and diverse aquatic creatures, very abundant in coral reefs where they are an important part of the ecosystem. But new research has found that if the balance is disturbed, sponges can outcompete the corals and damage the reef in the long term.

Coral reefs are home to many species and are probably the most diverse habitats on Earth. ‘Corals are the bioengineers of these systems, providing the habitat for many species of algae, fish, crustaceans or sponges,’ says Manuel Gonz