Pacific states hold tsunami test

tsunami_26012005

More than 30 countries around the Pacific Ocean have tested a system to warn them of approaching tsunamis. The exercise began with a mock alert at the Tsunami Warning Centre in Hawaii.

An earthquake with a magnitude 9.2 was imagined to have struck near the coast of Chile, sending a tsunami racing across the eastern Pacific.

A second mock alert, involving a make-believe earthquake north of the Philippines, has been testing responses in the western Pacific.

‘Success’

Governments are reporting back on how efficiently they received the tsunami warnings, relayed through various circuits including weather services, emails and faxes.

The aim of the drill, co-ordinated by the Pacific Tsunami Warning Centre in Hawaii, is also to measure how well the message is relayed through local emergency systems.

At the start of the test, a beeping noise sounded throughout the warning centre on Hawaii’s Ewa Beach, and within minutes the first alerts were sent out.

“It’s gone very, very well so far,” a spokeswoman for the US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration told AFP news agency from the centre.

“They’ve contacted each country that is participating and just about every single one of them have received the bulletins,” Delores Clark added.

Earlier Charles McCreery, who heads the warning centre, said: “Even before the exercise started, we considered it to be a success in the sense of having so much interest from all the countries.

“Showing their willingness to co-operate, that’s something we have never seen before.”

In a second part of the drill, officials in Thailand, Malaysia, American Samoa and the Philippines have been staging real tsunami evacuations.

On Wednesday morning, a mock warning of an earthquake north of the Philippines sent nearly 1,000 people in the coastal village of Buhatan scurrying for the hills.

In Malaysia, villages along the coast of Sabah state on Borneo were also evacuated as part of the drill.

Real thing

Correspondents say governments’ interest in tsunami alerts had waned before the catastrophic Indian Ocean tsunami of December 2004, which took more than 200,000 lives.

Two actual earthquakes struck on Tuesday during the test – a magnitude 7.4 quake north of New Zealand, and a magnitude 6.8 off Indonesia. No casualties were reported.

Another mock test on Wednesday is envisaging a magnitude 8.8 earthquake north of the Philippines.

Officials there, and in Thailand, Malaysia and American Samoa, will go one step further by staging real evacuations.

A Pacific warning system has been in place since 1965, but this is largest test of the system since its inception.

The exercise may serve as a model for future tests in the Indian Ocean.

Source: bbc.co.uk