Efforts to save sharks fall short

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Slowly but surely, Hong Kong is waking up to the realities of the shark fin trade, which is threatening several species with extinction.

Earlier this month, Hong Kong University banned serving shark fin dishes on its campus and, next year, the territory is expected to introduce legislation to force traders to obtain licenses for the import and export of whale shark, great white shark and basking shark species, all of which are supposedly protected by the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Flora and Fauna.

But Hong Kong’s efforts to control the shipments of endangered species fall far short of saving the three shark species, a leading conservationist and a legislator said.

The three species face extinction from what conservationists estimate is a 100 million shark-a-year cull to feed a cultural specialty particularly popular in South China – shark fin’s soup.

However, the bill will do little to protect shark species, said Choy So- yuk, chairperson of the Legislative Council committee studying the Protection of Endangered Species of Animals and Plants Bill, though she says it’s a start.

CITES is an international agreement signed by 170 countries to ensure trade in wildlife does not threaten species.

“We are only trying to [bring] Hong Kong [in line with] the international convention, and the convention only requires further protection of these three additional species,” said Choy, a Democratic Alliance for the Betterment and Progress of Hong Kong legislator.

There are still places all over the world where the trade is virtually without management, she said.

Local conservationist Brian Darvell, an ocean conservationist and shark protection advocate, said: “The three [species] are not the only ones in trouble. We would hope for and encourage more proactive steps so that [dozens of] species on the [World Conservation Union] red list in various stages of endangerment … are also included voluntarily by the government.”

But, he said, the proposed bill “is an important step, and it’s overdue, because many countries have taken this move well before. And it’s a little odd that Hong Kong is slow in that respect, but better late than never.”

Chiu Ching-cheung, chairman of the Shark Fin Trade Merchants Association, said if there is a total ban on the import of the three types of shark, business will not be affected because the three endangered species are not popular with locals.

“Basking sharks, whale sharks and great white sharks … their fins are too big and, therefore, not very popular in the market,” Chiu said.

“Currently, there are only one or two local traders selling fin from basking sharks. Their fin is not very tasty.”

According to the government, in 2004, China, Spain and Taiwan were the three biggest shark fin importers.

China imported 20.6 percent, Spain 18.4 percent and Taiwan 10 percent of the total 11 million kilograms imported, bringing in HK$2.6 billion.

One thing that upsets Chiu is what he claims are environmental groups presenting misleading facts that make traders look bad.

“Extinction is not determined by environmentalists, but by experts with real figures,” he said.

“Traders agree that sharks that are on the verge of extinction should be protected.”

A Hong Kong Worldwide Fund for Nature online study of 932 locals, conducted last month, showed that 58 percent ate shark fin soup at celebrations and that only 28 percent ate it because they thought it tasted good. Five percent believed the fins had health benefits.

“When asked whether a wedding banquet was better if it included shark fin soup, around 40 percent agreed to some degree, while the remainder had no opinion or disagreed,” said the study.

Typically, sharks are taken on board boats and, after their fins are slashed, they are dumped overboard, where they sink to the bottom and drown.